This technique was developed during the Edo Period (1603-1868) for dyeing elaborate patterns on kamishimo, garments worn by samurai on formal occasions. Afterward its use spread to dyeing of commoners' kimonos as well. A type of stencil known as Ise katagami has historically been used for Edo komon.
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Fabric dyed with Edo komon is impressive because from a distance it seems to be plain cloth, but from closer up its extremely delicate repeated patterns can be seen (komon means fine pattern).
How to dye fabric with Edo komon
"What Are Traditional Crafts? -A Guidebook to Seeing, Learning, and Enjoying-" Edited by the Japan Kogei Association Eastern Branch. Published by Unsodo ／ List of works English translation: Kazuko Todate (Art critic / Art historian)