The techniques of dyeing and weaving fabric are indispensable to a modern lifestyle. In Japan, they are the distillation of centuries of tradition and fashion aesthetics going back to the court culture of the Heian period (794-1185), samurai culture of the Azuchi-Momoyama period (1574–1600), and merchant culture of the Edo period (1603-1868).


  • 1 Preparing thread

    In Japanese dyeing and weaving, there are three basic types: silk thread, ramie thread, and cotton thread.

  • 2-1 The thread is woven into fabric.
  • 2-2 The thread is dyed.
  • 3-1 Designs are dyed onto fabric

    White fabric is dyed with designs in various colors.
    For yuzen dyeing, a thread-like paste is used to mark off areas and create designs. In katae dyeing, shapes are created with stencils.

  • 3-2 Dyed threads are woven to make fabric

    Weaving is the process of interlacing vertical and horizontal threads on a machine called a loom.
    A variety of patterns can be made with different thread dyeing and weaving techniques. No matter how complex the pattern may appear, it is always made with an arrangement of vertical and horizontal threads (known as the warp and the weft).

  • 4 The fabric is used to make kimono or kimono sashes.

Artistic techniques


Dyeing onto fabric


Weaving dyed threads

  • "What Are Traditional Crafts? -A Guidebook to Seeing, Learning, and Enjoying-" Edited by the Japan Kogei Association Eastern Branch. Published by Unsodo
    Reference artworks

Well-known crafts