For Edo komon, fine, delicate designs are applied to silk, but the technique of Nagaita chugata involves making larger designs on cotton yukata (informal summer kimono) using a board about 6.5 meters long (about 21.3 feet). The word nagaita means long board, and chugata means medium-sized pattern.
This is a traditional Japanese technique in which paste is applied to both sides of a white cloth, and then both sides are dyed with a crisp indigo pattern.
1.Cotton fabric is stretched over a long board and a pattern is stenciled on both sides of the fabric with a reddish dye resistant paste.
2.A solution of ground soybeans in water is applied to both sides of the fabric with a brush.
3.The entire fabric is dyed by dipping in a vat of indigo.
4.The reddish paste is washed out in water, and the indigo patterns appear. The kimono is complete.
- "What Are Traditional Crafts? -A Guidebook to Seeing, Learning, and Enjoying-" Edited by the Japan Kogei Association Eastern Branch. Published by Unsodo Reference artworks